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Sunday, November 12, 2017

Workshop: Understanding Child and Youth Development

As a result of this workshop, participants will:

  • Identify five distinct age groups from birth to adolescence
  • Understand four domains of development
  • Generate activity ideas specific to age groups and/or domains of development

Toolbox Training highly recommends the Ages & Stages: Understanding Child Development book as a complement to this workshop. Click here for information on that and other books from Toolbox Training.


To have this delivered as an on-site workshop contact Toolbox Training.

Check out the workshops tab for a full list of titles.


Saturday, November 11, 2017

The 5 Age Groups of Child and Youth Development

When discussing child and youth development, there are five different age groups to consider:

Infants – This covers ages 0 months to 12 months old.


Toddlers – This covers from 12 months to 3 years old.


Preschoolers – This covers from 3 years to 5 years old.


Schoolagers – This covers from 5 years to 12 years old.


Adolescents – This covers from 13 years old to 17 years old.


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The 4 Domains of Child and Youth Development

When discussing child and youth development, there are four basic areas to consider:

Physicalhow we move

“The process of gaining control of our large and small muscles as well as the use of the senses.”


Cognitivehow we think

“It is not the same as intelligence. It is “the construction of thought processes, including remembering, problem solving, and decision-making, from childhood through adolescence to adulthood.” – Gale Encyclopedia of Children’s Health


Communication and Languagehow we interact

Communication is “the expression of ideas, thoughts, and feelings to others.”

Language is a system of words and the rules for their use in speaking, listening, reading and writing. – adapted from Caring for Children in School-Age Programs


Social and Emotionalhow we feel

“The capacity to recognize and manage emotions, solve problems effectively, and establish positive relationships with others.” – Joseph E. Zins and Maurice J. Elias, “Social and Emotional Learning”


Keep the following in mind when considering development:
  • Don’t assume everyone has the same skills developed. Everyone develops at their own rate.
  • Provide a range of activities which allows everyone to participate at their levels.
  • Start activities with practice sessions to help all participants learn the skills needed.
  • Observe youth as they participate to see who might need extra practice – maybe privately to help them avoid embarrassment.
  • Encourage youth to try new activities. Help everyone understand we all had to learn sometime.
Above information from Francis Institute for Child and Youth Development and Metropolitan Community College (2014). Professional Development for Afterschool/Youth Workers. “Module 3: Child and Youth Development.” Metropolitan Community College; Kansas City, MO.

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